Whoa! What is up with this cold? It’s February here in Ottawa and after day in, day out -20° weather Mr. One Wheel Drive said ¡ENOUGH!
I headed off for a quick trip to Cuba. I’ve traveled there a lot and am always impressed with how efficient Cubans are for getting around their cities. Due to a variety of reasons, car ownership is minimal and the majority get around by foot or by bike. When people drive, usually it is because it is necessary; most road traffic is trucks, tractors, and other motor vehicles serving a particular purpose beyond simple convenience for the driver, unlike driving to the mall (unless you call it a “convenience” to not pull ten tonnes of cargo by hand).
This picture is on a major highway (by Cuban standards). Cyclists form a critical mass on roads, so drivers are constantly aware that there might be cyclists (and pedestrians) around. These cyclists take up half the lane, and cars patiently line up behind them until there is a safe gap to pass.
In this picture I am in the middle of a lane behind a car, behind a bike, that is behind a bus. To the right a bus is stopped and people are getting on and off. On the left a moped is pulling through.
All drivers also bike to get around and have family that do so, and understand that cyclists have a right to use the road. I never saw drivers honking their horn to try and get bikes to pull off the road. While at first glance it looks downright awful, when everything is moving at biking speed, and drivers respect you, it’s not too bad.
Drivers do honk a lot, but it is to warn cyclists and pedestrians that there is a car close by, sort of a “hello, I’m here”.
The aged also get around by bike. They stay fit and independent even when their eyesight might not allow them to drive. In car-oriented suburbs we are going to have a hard time when more and more baby boomers can’t drive anymore, but their low-density design makes public transit costly and walking to get groceries impractical.
Cuban cities are 8-80 cities (places where people from 8 to 80 can get around) not by any special design, but by culture.
Bikes often carry two or more people. I’ve seen a bike with four people: The husband pedaling, a child on the front, and the wife on the back rack holding the youngest child in her arms.
Bike taxis are quite common, along with cargo bikes.
You won’t see a single bike helmet. Some bikes lack brakes. People do things that in Canada would be considered highly hazardous, like riding multiple people on a bike, balancing heavy loads, or even hanging on to the backs of trucks with one hand. But it doesn’t really matter, because the expectations of road users is so different there, and the basic idea of what roads are for is so inclusive, that accidents are prevented. On the other hand, cyclists there also act predictably, don’t punch through traffic jams, and wait for red lights.
Unfortunately, bikes are strictly banned from pedestrian streets. You can’t even walk your bike down a pedestrian street. Cars are also banned, unlike Sparks Street.
Finally, Cubans use a wide variety of transportation options. Hitchhiking between towns is common, as is standing in the back of transport trucks. One common mode of transit is by horse.
Like bus routes, horse-drawn coaches ply regular routes all day long, and for a cheap price riders can get on or off along the route. Sustainable transportation doesn’t have to be expensive, or complicated.
It’s easy to romanticize things about Cuba, but ultimately the reason why people there bike so much is that it’s the best way to get around that is accessible to them. If cars ever became affordable to the average citizen, things would undoubtedly change. But we can learn and be inspired. It shows that it’s quite possible to have a society much less car-oriented than we have here in Ottawa.
Looking at the cities from the air, it’s remarkable how, without so much space dedicated to car parking, things can be built so much more closely together, efficiently, making the need for a car much lower.
Here is the baseball stadium in Las Tunas, the city where I was:
And here is Ottawa’s, at about the same scale:
For what it’s worth, both are near the train station and the major road through the town. Las Tunas is a smaller city than Ottawa, but baseball is a much popular sport in Cuba; so maybe I should compare Havana’s baseball stadium:
With Ottawa’s hockey stadium:
“That’s not even fair,” you might say, “the hockey stadium was built out in the countryside.” Exactly.